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Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Titus von Dassow is a German American who served with.
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The major problem is that the money invested in malpractice insurance companies generates an interest to prevent lawsuits, settlements, and most of all to avoid formal disciplinary action by the State Medical Board, more than to improve patient safety. The medical malpractice liability and insurance system needs to be improved, to better protect witnesses against retaliation, to better protect society against the very real and present danger of medical malpractice and to increase the utilization of State Medical Disciplinary Boards rather than Courts.
To end the domination of health care by conflict of interest and begin to read consumer responses, impartially and effectively for the entire 25 percent of the hundred million patient care episodes with grievances or well-written medical research, maybe 10 million of whom are due speedy compensation because of their poverty.
Cinema of Turkey
The primary purpose is to encourage the patient to do the medical library and legal research needed for them and other like them to recover thereby reducing the burden on health care professionals struggling with their peculiar antibiotic resistant nosocomial infection. Patient ownership of their medical records and applied research papers should be redeemed as minimum wage work for the disabled.
The Hippocratic Oath is the foundation of medical ethics; it is sworn by most medical students upon their graduation from medical school. Hippocrates of Cos c. It is generally accepted that he was roughly a contemporary of Socrates and was a practicing physician. It also seems likely that Hippocrates would have been an Asclepiad. The Asclepiads were members of a guild of physicians which traced its origins to Asclepius, the god of healing.
Tradition also tells us that Hippocrates was the most famous physician and teacher of medicine of his time, maybe of all-time.
Over 60 medical treatises that have traditionally been attributed to him. These treatises are collectively referred to as the Hippocratic Corpus. Most of these treatises, however, were not written by Hippocrates himself. In fact, several of the existent treatises were written well after the life of Hippocrates. The treatises themselves were written over about a two hundred year period and range in date from c. Although it is likely that Hippocrates did compose some of the treatises, none of the 60 treatises can positively be attributed to Hippocrates although they are similar in looking for natural explanations and treatments of illness and rejecting sorcery and magic.
Beyond the actual theories set forth by the Presocratics, however, the early doctors were also influenced by the philosophers' use of rational thought. Greek physicians influenced by the Presocratics began to make careful observations of medical problems and to apply logic to medical treatments.
Ultimately, the influence of the Presocratics encouraged early physicians to employ reason in order to progressively develop medical knowledge, rather than resorting to supernatural explanations. The Hippocratic Epidemics consists of seven books which record the observations made by their doctor-authors during the course of their travels as itinerant physicians in northern Greece -- Thessaly, Thrace, and the island of Thasos -- at the end of the fifth and in the first half of the fourth centuries.
In addition to the case histories, each book of the Epidemics contains two other types of material: constitutions and generalizations aphorisms, prognostic indications, lists of things to consider, various notes. The constitutions are summary accounts of the climatic conditions and the illnesses encountered by the doctor in a particular locality over a specific period of time, usually a year.
The books of the Epidemics form a series that covers the period between and and that they have at least three different authors, and probably more. The earlier books are more rigorously prognostic, with few indications of treatment and a strict concentration on the description of symptoms. In the later books the course of the illness is less often followed in detail and indications of treatment are more frequent.
Hippokrates' summary definition of the art of medicine De arte iii : "the deliverance of the sick from pain and the reduction of diseases' violence, and the knowledge that medical art is unavailing in some cases. The Iliad is attributed with being the historical foundations for the written philosophy of medicine. The treatise chronicles part of the tenth and final year of the Trojan War. Within the text of this poem, Homer mentions nearly different wounds.
Most of these wounds are described with surprising anatomical accuracy. For instance,. In the Iliad, Harpalion, a prince allied with the Trojans, is struck from behind by an enemy arrow. Homer explains that this was a fatal wound, for although the arrow entered near the right buttock, it sliced through the body, missed the pelvic and pubic bones, and hit the bladder. Wound after wound is described in a similar fashion in the Iliad. Spears and arrows strike specific internal organs according to their point of entry and trajectory.
Homer also seems to have had an appreciation of which kinds of wounds were lethal. In the Iliad, wounds to the arms and legs are painful but not deadly the story of Achilles' and his famous heel is not mentioned in the poem. On the other hand, all of the 31 different head wounds were lethal.
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Beyond the description of wounds, to a lesser extent Homer also recorded the care given to an injured warrior. Generally speaking, medical care focused on the comfort of the wounded man and not on treating the wound itself. Among the warriors, however, there were a few who were considered to be specialists in the art of healing through means of herbal remedies and bandaging. One of these doctors was Machaon, the son of the legendary healer Asclepius who later became deified. When Machaon was wounded himself, however, he was treated by being given a cup of hot wine sprinkled with grated goat cheese and barley.
From these meager beginnings, Greek medicine rapidly developed over the course of the next several centuries. I swear by Apollo the Physician and by Asclepius and Hygieia and Panacea and all the gods as well as goddesses, making them my witnesses,. I will regard who has taught me this technique as equal to my parents,. I will share, in partnership, my livelihood and give a share when there is need,. I will regard the children of others as equal to my siblings and to teach them this art should they desire to learn it, without fee and written covenant,.
I will give a share both of rules and of lectures, and of all the rest of learning, to my children and the children of my teacher and to the pupils who have both made a written contract and taken an oath according to the medical law, but no one else. I will use remedies for the benefit of the ill in accordance with my ability and my judgment and keep them from harm and injustice.
Andrew Glenn (Author of The Gardens of the King)
I will not give a drug that is deadly to anyone if asked for it,. Nor will I suggest the way to such a counsel. Likewise I will not give a woman an abortive remedy. And in a pure and holy way I will guard my life and teaching. I will not use the knife, not even on sufferers from stone, but I will cede to those who are practitioners of this activity. Whatever houses I may visit, I will go for the benefit of the ill, remaining free of all intentional injustice, mischief and sexual acts upon the free and the slaves.
Whatever I may see or hear in treatment, or even without treatment, in the life of human beings — shall not be used to harm a person -- I will keep to myself, holding such knowledge a secret. If I fulfill this oath and do not violate it, may it be granted to me to enjoy life and art, being honored with fame for all time. However if I transgress and purjure myself, may the opposite be my lot.
It provides:. Duties of Physicians in General a. A physician shall be dedicated to the providing the competent medical service in full professional and moral independence, with compassion and respect for human dignity. A physician shall deal honestly with patients and colleagues, and report to the appropriate authorities those physicians who practice unethicaly or incompetently or who engage in fraud or deception.
A physician shall no receive any financial benefits or other incentives soley for referring patients or prescribing specific products. A physician shall respect the rights and preferences of patients, colleagues, and other health professionals. A physician shall strive to use health care resources in the best way to benefit patients and their community.
A physician shall respect the local and national codes of ethics.
A physician shall always bear in mind the obligation to respect human life. It is ethical to disclose confidential information when the patient consents to it or when there is a real and imminent threat of harm to the patient or to others and this threat can be only removed by a breech of confidentiality. Duties of Physicians to Colleagues. A physician shall not undermine the patient-physician relationship of colleagues in orer to attract patients. A physician shall when medicaly necessary, communicate with colleagues who are involved in the care of the same patient.
This communication should respect patient confidentialty and be confined to necessary information. It states; At the time of being admitted as a member of the medical profession:. I solemnly pledge to consecrate my life to the service of humanity;.
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- selected poems | (translated from modern greek).
I will give to my teachers the respect and gratitude that is their due;. I will practice my profession with conscience and dignity;. The health of my patient will be my first consideration;.